Download E-books Collision Course: Endless Growth on a Finite Planet (MIT Press) PDF

By Kerryn Higgs

The concept of ever-expanding monetary development has been promoted so relentlessly that "growth" is now entrenched because the average target of collective human attempt. the general public has been confident that development is the traditional approach to nearly all social difficulties -- poverty, debt, unemployment, or even the environmental degradation because of the decided pursuit of progress. in the meantime, warnings via scientists that we are living on a finite planet that can't maintain limitless fiscal growth are overlooked or maybe scorned. In Collision Course, Kerryn Higgs examines how society's dedication to progress has marginalized clinical findings at the limits of progress, casting them as bogus predictions of forthcoming doom.

Higgs tells how in 1972, The Limits to Growth -- written by way of MIT researchers Donella Meadows, Dennis Meadows, Jorgen Randers, and William Behrens III -- stumbled on that unimpeded financial progress used to be more likely to collide with the realities of a finite planet inside of a century. even supposing the book's arguments acquired confident responses at the start, prior to lengthy the dominant narrative of development as panacea took over. Higgs explores the resistance to rules approximately limits, tracing the propagandizing of "free enterprise," the elevation of progress because the imperative target of coverage makers, the occasion of "the magic of the market," and the ever-widening effect of corporate-funded imagine tanks -- a parallel educational universe devoted to the dissemination of neoliberal ideas and to the denial of wellbeing and fitness and environmental risks from the results of tobacco to international warming. greater than 40 years after The Limits to Growth, the concept that progress is vital maintains to carry sway, regardless of the mounting facts of its expenses -- weather destabilization, pollutants, intensification of gross worldwide inequalities, and depletion of the assets on which the trendy financial edifice depends.

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Download E-books Rumours of a Moral Economy PDF

By Christopher Lind

Since the start of capitalism—with its mathematical equations and legislation of offer and demand—its champions have claimed that learning the ethical elements of the theory interfere with its normal functionality. but, as this ethicist and theologian argues, economies are constantly deeply built-in in social relationships, in morality, and in ethics. utilizing historic examples, the book argues that once economically hard-pressed humans come jointly to shield their universal rights, they're giving voice to the primary of an ethical financial system that doesn't cheat the decrease periods. specific realization is paid to the 18th-century English foodstuff riots, the spontaneous resistance of 20th-century Malaysian farmers, and the North american citizens who picketed the houses of Wall road bankers in 2008 and 2009.

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Download E-books Rethinking Autonomy: A Critique of Principlism in Biomedical Ethics PDF

By John W. Traphagan

This groundbreaking ebook deals a severe exam of the concept that of autonomy, one with significant implications for biomedical ethics. operating from the views of ethnography and scientific anthropology, John W. Traphagan argues that the idea of autonomy as a foundational precept of a typical morality, the view dominant in North the USA, is insufficient as a common ethical classification simply because tradition deeply affects how humans take into consideration autonomy and the elemental nature of being human. Drawing from fieldwork in Japan, Traphagan unearths a particularly varied sensibility, demonstrating how jap ethical strategies and activities are established upon a deep expertise of the social embeddedness of individuals and a cultured sensitivity that emphasizes context and state of affairs over universality in making ethical reviews of habit. Traphagan develops info from Japan right into a serious exam of ways scholarly examine in biomedical ethics, and ethics extra as a rule, is carried out in North the US. Arguing in a vein relating to the rising quarter of naturalized biomedical ethics, Traphagan proposes the construction of an empirically grounded research of ethical habit.

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Download E-books Women of the Revolution: Forty Years of Feminism PDF

Interviews from Gloria Steinem to Oprah Winfrey to Nawal El Saadawi, and items by way of authors from Erica Jong to bell hooks to Beth Ditto—the very better of the Guardian's feminist writing
 
The feminist movement of the final forty years has gained triumphs and persevered trials, however it hasn't ever weakened its unravel, nor for a second been boring. The Guardian newspaper has its growth all through, wearing interviews with and articles through the key figures, chronicling with verve, wit, and sometimes passionate anger the arguments surrounding pornography, prostitution, political illustration, energy, pay, parental rights, abortion rights, family chores, and family violence. Bringing that writing jointly for the 1st time, this collection includes interviews with Betty Friedan, Susan Brownmiller, Maya Angelou, Toni Morrison, Camille Paglia, Susie Orbach, and more. different items contain Willa Petschek on Shirley Chisholm, Beatrix Campbell on the legacy of Princess Diana, Andrea Dworkin on invoice and Hillary Clinton, Jessica Valenti on web misogyny, and Mona Eltahawy on her attack in Cairo. Lively, provocative, considerate, and humorous, this is often the basic advisor to the feminist considering and writing of the earlier forty years—the final portrait of an ongoing revolution.

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Download E-books The Case against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering PDF

By Michael J. Sandel

Breakthroughs in genetics current us with a promise and a difficulty. The promise is that we'll quickly have the capacity to deal with and forestall a bunch of debilitating illnesses. The crisis is that our newfound genetic wisdom may well allow us to govern our nature―to increase our genetic features and people of our youngsters. even supposing most folks locate not less than a few types of genetic engineering disquieting, it isn't effortless to articulate why. what's wrong with re-engineering our nature?

The Case opposed to Perfection explores those and different ethical quandaries hooked up with the search to excellent ourselves and our youngsters. Michael Sandel argues that the pursuit of perfection is defective for purposes that transcend defense and equity. The force to reinforce human nature via genetic applied sciences is objectionable since it represents a bid for mastery and dominion that fails to understand the talented personality of human powers and achievements. sporting us past widely used phrases of political discourse, this e-book contends that the genetic revolution will switch the way in which philosophers talk about ethics and may strength non secular questions again onto the political agenda.

In order to grapple with the ethics of enhancement, we have to confront questions mostly misplaced from view within the glossy international. considering those questions verge on theology, glossy philosophers and political theorists are inclined to decrease from them. yet our new powers of biotechnology make those questions unavoidable. Addressing them is the duty of this e-book, by way of one in all America’s preeminent ethical and political thinkers.

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Download E-books Police Corruption: Preventing Misconduct and Maintaining Integrity (Advances in Police Theory and Practice) PDF

By Tim Prenzler

While many law enforcement officials adopt their paintings conforming to the top moral criteria, the very fact continues to be that unethical police behavior is still a habitual challenge worldwide. With examples from a number of jurisdictions, Police Corruption: fighting Misconduct and protecting Integrity examines the explanations of police misconduct and explores utilized ideas designed to maximise moral behavior and establish and stop corruption.

Analyzes the roots of corruption

Introducing the phenomenon of police officer misconduct, the e-book offers an research of unethical habit, its results, and diversified causal elements. the writer examines the effect at the group and the police themselves, the hassle of creating common moral ideas, and methods of settling on and measuring misconduct difficulties. the rest of the textual content examines utilized thoughts designed to maximise moral behavior and forestall corruption.

A myriad of confirmed strategies

Exploring a variety of methods, the publication discusses top practices within the recruitment of moral candidates, options for facing misconduct, chance relief suggestions and early caution and intervention platforms, besides complex innovations akin to drug and alcohol checking out, integrity checks, and using covert surveillance. The textual content additionally explores the function of self reliant exterior oversight our bodies that audit police thoughts and behavior their very own research. the ultimate bankruptcy on moral management emphasizes the necessity to transcend a record of ideas with management that values, calls for, and types integrity in all elements of police paintings.

Examples from round the world

Taking an international technique, this quantity acknowledges that policing is liable to a similar power difficulties of corruption and misconduct all around the international. Highlighting the significance of building powerful and enduring anti-corruption protocols in new and rising democracies, the booklet offers a version complete integrity process, underscoring the necessity for a sustained dedication to strive against corruption.

 

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Download E-books Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics PDF

By Joel B. Green

This one-stop reference booklet at the very important dating among Scripture and ethics bargains wanted orientation and viewpoint for college kids, pastors, and students. Written to reply to the stream between biblical students and ethicists to recuperate the Bible for ethical formation, it's the most sensible reference paintings to be had at the intersection of those fields. the quantity indicates how Christian Scripture and Christian ethics are unavoidably intertwined and gives up to date remedy of 5 hundred biblical, conventional, and modern themes, starting from adultery, bioethics, and Colossians to vegetarianism, paintings, and Zephaniah. The stellar ecumenical record of participants includes greater than 200 major students from the fields of religious study and ethics, together with Darrell Bock, David Gushee, Amy Laura corridor, Daniel Harrington, Dennis Olson, Christine Pohl, Glen Stassen, and Max Stackhouse.

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Download E-books The End of the World: The Science and Ethics of Human Extinction PDF

By John Leslie

Are we in impending possibility of extinction? convinced, we most likely are, argues John Leslie in his chilling account of the risks dealing with the human race as we method the second one millenium.
The finish of the World is a sobering overview of the numerous mess ups that scientists have envisioned and speculated on as resulting in apocalypse. within the first entire survey, strength catastrophes - starting from lethal illnesses to high-energy physics experiments - are explored to aid us comprehend the risks.
one of many maximum threats dealing with humankind, although, is the insurmountable proven fact that we're a comparatively younger species, a danger that is on the center of the 'Doomsday Argument'. This argument, if right, makes the risks we are facing extra critical than shall we have ever imagined. This greater than something makes the confidence and lack of know-how of politicians, and certainly philosophers, so anxious as they proceed to disregard the occur risks dealing with destiny generations.

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Download E-books Asimov et l'acceptabilité des robots PDF

By Jean-Pierre Béland, Georges A. Legault

Isaac Asimov (1920-1992), écrivain américain qui a marqué los angeles science-fiction, est mort depuis vingt ans. Pourtant l’intérêt pour son œuvre est toujours présent, comme en témoignent les activités qui signaleront le vingtième anniversaire de son décès. los angeles science-fiction possède un pouvoir particulier, celui de nous projeter dans le temps et, par l’imaginaire, de tracer le développement technologique ainsi que les réactions humaines à son égard. Avec le temps, los angeles science-fiction peut paraître très déphasée ou, au contraire, être demeurée pertinente pour penser une autre époque. L’œuvre d’Asimov met en scène, à travers diverses nouvelles et plusieurs romans, des robots dont certains ne sont que des machines complexes, alors que d’autres sont des humanoïdes. Ces robots qui interagissent avec les humains sur los angeles Terre ainsi que dans les colonies permettent à Asimov de soulever divers enjeux éthiques, économique, environnementaux, légaux et sociaux connus sous l’acronyme E3LS. Que peut-on tirer d’une lecture d’Asimov aujourd’hui? remark cet auteur pensait-il ces enjeux? remark en évaluait-il les risques et les répercussions? De plus, en imaginant une morale des robots pour les rendre plus acceptables socialement, remark voyait-il les enjeux du vivre ensemble? Enfin, on peut se demander aujourd’hui, alors que le développement de l. a. robotique et des implants avance à grands pas, si les robots d’Asimov sont ou seront un jour réalisables. Voilà les questions qui amènent deux philosophes et deux physiciens à se rencontrer pour penser l’acceptabilité des robots dans l’œuvre de science-fiction d’Asimov.

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Download E-books Ethics: A Contemporary Introduction (Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy) PDF

By Harry J. Gensler

Harry Gensler’s Ethics introduces undergraduates to the most concerns in modern ethical philosophy. It additionally relates those concerns to useful controversies, with detailed realization paid to racism, ethical schooling, and abortion. It offers a realistic process for pondering ethical concerns, a mode dependent principally at the golden rule.

Key Features:
• Serves as both the only real textbook for a lower-level advent to ethics/moral philosophy direction or a supplementary textual content for a extra complicated undergraduate ethics course
• Provides transparent, direct writing all through, making each one bankruptcy simply obtainable for an engaged undergraduate
• Offers a philosophically rigorous presentation of the golden rule
• Includes valuable research aids, together with: bolded technical phrases, containers for key rules, bankruptcy summaries, advised readings, and a glossary/index

Key additions to the second one Edition:
• A new bankruptcy on advantage ethics, which offers with Aristotle, Plato, and comparable controversies
• A new bankruptcy on common legislation concept, which bargains with Aquinas, double impact, sexual morality, and similar controversies
• A considerably revised bankruptcy at the golden rule, that is now a lot clearer on convinced key points
• A considerably revised bankruptcy on nonconsequentialism, which now has multiplied assurance of human rights, libertarianism, and socialism, and makes use of the perfect to overall healthiness care as a case example
• An increased bibliography
• A new appendix that overviews key books scholars probably want to pursue upon finishing Ethics: A modern Introduction, moment Edition
• A rewritten tutorial application, EthiCola, that is now a lot more straightforward to obtain and use and has (for scholars) revised routines for every bankruptcy and (for teachers) a score-processing software, type slides, and instructor’s manual.  this is chanced on at the book’s significant other web site: http://www.routledge.com/textbooks/gensler.

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