By Cornelius Castoriadis
Démocratie et relativisme constitue le témoignage écrit d’un débat public qui se tint en 1994 : les rédacteurs de l. a. Revue du MAUSS [Mouvement anti-utilitariste dans les sciences sociales], notamment Alain Caillé, Serge Latouche et Jacques Dewitte, avaient souhaité débattre avec le philosophe dissident de Socialisme ou barbarie, auteur de los angeles série Les Carrefours du labyrinthe.
En ces années qui suivent los angeles fin de l’URSS et « de l’Histoire », les sujets ne manquent pas : Quelle perception de los angeles démocratie ? Qu’est-ce que l’Occident ? Pourquoi los angeles résurgence des intégrismes religieux ? Qu’est-ce que l’universalisme ? Qu’est-ce que le marché ? Quelle est cette forme que prend le capitalisme ? Quels sont les paradoxes du relativisme culturel ?
En posant ces questions qui balisent aujourd’hui encore le champ intellectuel français, Cornelius Castoriadis enregistrait et décrivait l’effondrement que connaît l’Occident. Avec l. a. vivacité et l. a. grande clarté de son esprit, il diagnostiquait tous les maux qui se sont aujourd’hui aggravés.
By Peter Augustine Lawler
The horrors of the 20 th century uncovered the insufficiency of talking of human rights. In desiring to extinguish entire sessions of humans, the Nazis and Communists did anything a lot worse than violating rights; they aimed to lessen us all to below who we actually are. As political thinker Peter Augustine Lawler indicates during this illuminating ebook, rights are insecure with out a few deeper suggestion of human dignity
The threats to human dignity stay effective today—all the extra so for being much less noticeable. Our nervous and getting older society has embraced advances in technological know-how, know-how, and particularly biotechnology—from abortion and embryonic stem-cell study to psychopharmacology, plastic surgery and neurology, genetic manipulation, and the detachment of intercourse from replica. yet such technical advances can come on the fee of our ordinary and creaturely dignity, of what we exhibit after we understand who we're and what we’re speculated to do. Our lives will simply turn into extra miserably harassed if we won't communicate hopefully approximately human dignity.
In sleek and American Dignity, Lawler, who served on President George W. Bush’s Council on Bioethics, finds the highbrow and cultural developments that threaten our self belief in human dignity. The “modern” view of dignity, as he calls it, denies what’s solid approximately who we're through nature, realizing human dignity to intend ethical autonomy (freedom from nature¬¬) or productiveness (asserting our mastery over nature through devising inventive transformations). This new figuring out of dignity stands at odds with the “American” view, which will depend on the self-evidence of the fact that we're all created both particular and irreplaceable. the yankee view, that's indebted to classical, Christian, and glossy assets, knows that unfastened individuals are greater than purely self reliant or effective beings—or, for that subject, shrewdpermanent chimps. It sees what’s solid in our own freedom and our technical mastery over nature, yet simply in stability with the remainder of what makes us entire persons—our dignified functionality of our “relational” tasks as familial, political, and non secular beings.
Lawler explores those themes with wit and magnificence. To make experience of up to date political and ethical debates, Lawler attracts on a variety of thinkers from Socrates to Solzhenitsyn, from Tocqueville to Chesterton, from John Courtney Murray to our philosopher-pope Benedict XVI. In revealing the entire dimensions of those debates, he exposes the vacancy of glib pronouncements—such as President Obama’s—that our bioethical conflicts will be resolved through a consensus of clinical specialists. because the adventure of the Bush Bioethics Council proven, there's no clinical consensus approximately who a man or woman is.
By Candace Fleming
“[A] outstanding history.... In those exciting, hugely readable pages, we meet Rasputin, the shaggy, lecherous mystic...; we stopover at the gilded ballrooms of the doomed aristocracy; and we pause within the sickroom of little Alexei, the hemophiliac inheritor who, along with his mom and dad and 4 sisters, will be murdered via the Bolsheviks in 1918.” —The Wall highway Journal
here's the tumultuous, heartrending, precise tale of the Romanovs—at as soon as an intimate portrait of Russia's final royal relatives and a gripping account of its undoing. utilizing fascinating images and compelling first individual bills, award-winning writer Candace Fleming (Amelia Lost; The Lincolns) deftly maneuvers among the imperial family’s extravagant lives and the plight of Russia's terrible plenty, making this an completely spell binding learn in addition to an ideal source for assembly universal center standards.
"An exhilarating narrative background of a doomed and clueless kinfolk and empire." —Jim Murphy, writer of Newbery Honor Books An American Plague and The nice Fire
"For readers who regard heritage as uninteresting, Fleming’s amazing booklet is evidence confident that, to the contrary, it truly is eternally attention-grabbing, soaking up as any novel, and the stuff of an altogether memorable interpreting experience." —Booklist, Starred
"Marrying the intimate kin portrait of Heiligman’s Charles and Emma with the politics and intrigue of Sheinkin’s Bomb, Fleming has outdone herself with this riveting paintings of narrative nonfiction that appeals to the mind's eye up to the intellect." —The Horn Book, Starred
A Robert F. Sibert Honor Book
A YALSA Excellence in Nonfiction Award Finalist
Winner of the Orbis Pictus Award for impressive Nonfiction
By Liah Greenfeld
The Spirit of Capitalism solutions a basic query of economics, a question neither economists nor monetary historians were in a position to resolution: what are the explanations (rather than simply the stipulations) for sustained financial progress? Taking her name from Max Weber's recognized learn at the similar topic, Liah Greenfeld makes a speciality of the matter of motivation in the back of the epochal swap in habit, which from the 16th century on has reoriented one economic system after one other from subsistence to learn, reworking the character of financial task. an in depth research of the advance of financial awareness in England, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Japan, and the us permits her to argue that the incentive, or "spirit," in the back of the trendy, growth-oriented economic climate used to be no longer the liberation of the "rational financial actor," yet really nationalism. Nationalism dedicated lots of individuals to an never-ending race for nationwide status and hence introduced into being the phenomenon of monetary competitiveness.
Nowhere has monetary task been extra faraway from the rational calculation of prices than within the usa, the place the economic system has end up perceived because the end-all of political existence and the determinant of all social growth. American "economic civilization" spurs the state directly to ever-greater monetary success. however it turns american citizens into workaholics, uncertain of the aim in their ambitions, and leads American statesmen to magnify the burden of financial issues in overseas coverage, frequently to the detriment of yankee political effect and the confusion of the remainder of the world.
By George Packer
The 2013 nationwide publication Award Winner
A New York Times Bestseller
American democracy is beset via a feeling of drawback. Seismic shifts in the course of a unmarried iteration have created a rustic of winners and losers, permitting remarkable freedom whereas rending the social agreement, riding the political approach to the verge of breakdown, and atmosphere electorate adrift to discover new paths ahead. In The Unwinding, George Packer tells the tale of the previous 3 many years through traveling throughout the lives of numerous american citizens, together with a son of tobacco farmers who turns into an evangelist for a brand new financial system within the rural South, a manufacturing facility employee within the Rust Belt attempting to live on the cave in of
her urban, a Washington insider oscillating among political idealism and the entice of equipped funds, and a Silicon Valley billionaire who arrives at an intensive imaginative and prescient of the longer term. Packer interweaves those tales with sketches of public figures, from Newt Gingrich to Jay-Z, and collages made up of newspaper
headlines, advertisements slogans, and music lyrics. Packer's novelistic and kaleidoscopic heritage of the recent the USA is his so much formidable paintings to date.
Bestselling writer Wayne Allyn Root does not simply turn out the crime and profile the suspects, he offers daring recommendations to save lots of American capitalism, the center category, the GOP . . . and also you! This heart type warrior grants the sport plan and the guns to struggle back.
By Jacob G. Hornberger
For part a century, humans have debated the Kennedy assassination. a few declare that the Warren fee acquired it correct - that Kennedy used to be assassinated via Lee Harvey Oswald, a lone-nut murderer. Others contend that Kennedy used to be killed as a part of a conspiracy. it's not the aim of this e-book to interact in that discuss. the aim of this ebook is just to target what occurred at Bethesda Naval clinic at the night of November 22, 1963. What occurred that evening is so strange that it cries out for honest clarification even in any case those years. during this publication, you are going to examine that 1. Kennedy's physique used to be truly brought to the Bethesda morgue two times, at separate occasions and in separate caskets. 2. a few photos and x-rays from the post-mortem went lacking from the list, and different images within the list have been solid or another way fraudulent. three. The president's physique used to be altered by means of tampering with the injuries earlier than the post-mortem happened. and lots more and plenty extra.
By Sarah Chayes
Winner of the 2015 Los Angeles Times e-book Prize for present Interest.
"I can’t think a extra very important e-book for our time." ―Sebastian Junger
The international is blowing up. each day a brand new blaze turns out to ignite: the bloody implosion of Iraq and Syria; the East-West standoff in Ukraine; kidnapped schoolgirls in Nigeria. Is there a few thread tying those scary overseas protection crises jointly? In a riveting account that weaves historical past with fast-moving reportage and insider bills from the Afghanistan battle, Sarah Chayes identifies the unforeseen hyperlink: corruption.
Since the overdue Nineties, corruption has reached such an volume that a few governments resemble glorified legal gangs, bent completely all alone enrichment. those kleptocrats force angry populations to extremes―ranging from revolution to militant puritanical faith. Chayes plunges readers into probably the most venal environments in the world and examines what emerges: Afghans returning to the Taliban, Egyptians overthrowing the Mubarak govt (but additionally remodeling Al-Qaeda), and Nigerians embracing either radical evangelical Christianity and the Islamist terror team Boko Haram. in lots of such locations, inflexible ethical codes are placed forth as an antidote to the cave in of public integrity.
The development, furthermore, pervades background. via deep archival study, Chayes unearths that canonical political thinkers similar to John Locke and Machiavelli, in addition to the nice medieval Islamic statesman Nizam al-Mulk, all named corruption as a chance to the area. In an exciting argument connecting the Protestant Reformation to the Arab Spring, Thieves of State offers a strong new solution to comprehend worldwide extremism. And it makes a compelling case that we needs to confront corruption, for it's a cause―not a result―of international instability.
By Ola Listhaug, Sabrina P. Ramet, Dragana Dulić
Discusses Serbia's fight for democratic values after the autumn of the Milosevic regime provoked by way of the NATO conflict, and after the trauma as a result of the secession of Kosovo. Are the worth structures of the post-Milosevic period real hindrances of a not on time transition of this nation? Seventeen participants from Norway, Serbia, Italy, Germany, Poland and a few different ecu nations lined a large variety of subject matters in an effort to supply solutions to this question. the themes in their investigations have been nationwide myths and logos, historical past textbooks, media, movie, faith, inter-ethnic discussion, transitional justice, political celebration agendas and different similar topics.
By Bill Bishop
In the large type, Bishop has taken his research to a brand new point. He starts with tales approximately how we are living at the present time after which attracts on heritage, economics and our altering political panorama to create essentially the most compelling big-picture debts of the USA in contemporary memory.