Download E-books Clouds of Glory: The Life and Legend of Robert E. Lee PDF

By Michael Korda

New York Times bestselling writer Michael Korda's clean, modern unmarried quantity old biography of basic Robert E. Lee—perhaps the main well-known and least understood legend in American historical past and certainly one of our so much renowned heroes.

Michael Korda, writer of Ulysses S. Grant and the bestsellers Ike and Hero, paints a bright and admiring portrait of Lee as an excellent common, a loyal family members guy, and principled gentleman who disliked slavery and disagreed with secession, but who refused command of the Union military in 1861 simply because he couldn't "draw his sword" opposed to his loved Virginia.

Well-rounded and lifelike, Clouds of Glory analyzes Lee's command through the Civil battle and explores his accountability for the deadly stalemate at Antietam, his defeat at Gettysburg (as good the various troubling controversies nonetheless surrounding it) and eventually, his failed procedure for profitable the struggle. As Korda exhibits, Lee's dignity, braveness, management, and modesty made him a hero on each side of the Mason-Dixon Line and a respected American icon who's famous this day because the nation's preeminent army leader.

Clouds of Glory good points dozens of beautiful illustrations, a few by no means sooner than obvious, together with twelve pages of colour, twenty-four pages of black-and-white, and approximately fifty in-text conflict maps.

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Scott surveyed the shores and fast made up our minds to just accept Commodore David Conner’s recommendation that the best option was once Collado seashore, below 3 miles south of Vera Cruz, which was once a little sheltered by means of small islands and a coral reef simply offshore, and consisted of “a lightly curving strip of sand” with “a line of sand hills approximately a hundred and fifty yards inland. ” even though he may possibly see no facts of Mexican arrangements from the Petrita, Scott expected that the landings will be adverse, that the Mexicans could preserve their artillery at the back of the sand hills (or sand dunes, to explain them extra accurately), and that the 1st wave of squaddies and Marines must rush and hold the dunes. The touchdown used to be scheduled for March eight, however the chance of undesirable climate, which did not materialize, obliged Scott to put off it to March nine, an afternoon of sunshine breezes and vibrant sunshine. March nine used to be additionally, because it occurred, “the thirty-third anniversary of the Commanding General’s promoting to the rank of general,” it appears a propitious twist of fate, because the first wave of 2,595 males went ashore without difficulty or incidents within the early afternoon, supported through “schooner-gunboats,” shut inshore in case artillery was once wanted, hence demonstrating the price of Scott’s flatboats and his realization to aspect. Lee witnessed the touchdown from the quarterdeck of the Massachusetts, status beside Scott, and observed “the complete fleet of transports—some 80 vessels, within the presence of many international ships of battle, flanked by way of naval steamers and 5 gunboats to hide the circulate. ” the lads fast boarded the sixty-seven flatboats, and landed “in the precise order prescribed . . . with out the lack of a ship or a man,” and almost with no competition apart from a number of shells fired from too nice a spread to be risky. On board the ships—even warships of the Royal army have been current, attending as observers—crews coated the decks and rigging cheering, and bands performed. by way of the following day, while basic Scott landed along with his employees, he had approximately 12,000 males onshore, good enough to seal Vera Cruz off from the landward facet, whereas the military blockaded it from the ocean. although Lee can have had no premonition of it, he was once approximately to be remodeled from a imaginative army engineer right into a bold soldier and a hero. instantly after touchdown, basic Scott made a “reconnaissance” of the wall and fortifications surrounding Vera Cruz at the landward facet, followed via what he often called “his internal cabinet,” which integrated Lee. One glance was once adequate to substantiate to a pro soldier like Scott that the walled urban wouldn't be a simple position to take by way of assault. The fortifications of Vera Cruz “were thought of . . . to be one of the most powerful, if no longer the most powerful, in North the US. ” The wall round the city’s landward part was once fifteen ft excessive, equipped of good coral or granite blocks, with 9 “bastions” (protruding fortresses which could provide overlaying hearth to one another and to the “curtain” or wall), outfitted into it at durations, “each mounting from 8 to 10 weapons.

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