By Ralph Kirshner
George Armstrong Custer wrote approximately his good friend Pierce Manning Butler younger, who left West aspect to develop into a accomplice common: "I bear in mind a talk held on the desk at which I sat in the course of the wintry weather of '60–'61. i used to be seated subsequent to Cadet P. M. B. younger, a gallant younger fellow, a classmate of mine, then and because the warfare an intimate and valued friend—a major-general within the accomplice forces throughout the struggle and a member of Congress from his local nation [Georgia] at a later date. the upcoming conflict was once as traditional the topic of dialog during which all participated, and within the freest and so much pleasant demeanour. . . . ultimately, in a part jocular, part earnest demeanour, younger grew to become to me and brought himself as follows: 'Custer, my boy, we'll have battle. it really is little need speaking: I see it coming. all of the Crittenden compromises that may be patched up will not ward off it. Now permit me prophesy what is going to occur to you and me. you are going to pass domestic, and your abolition Governor will most likely make you colonel of a cavalry regiment. i'm going to cross all the way down to Georgia, and ask Governor Brown to provide me a cavalry regiment. And who understands yet we could stream opposed to one another in the course of the conflict. . . .' frivolously as we either looked this boyish prediction, it was once destined to be fulfilled in a notable degree."
Ralph Kirshner has supplied a richly illustrated discussion board to let the West element type of 1861 to jot down its personal autobiography. via letters, journals, and released bills, George Armstrong Custer, Adelbert Ames, and their classmates inform of their personal phrases in their Civil conflict battles and in their diverse careers after the war.
Two periods graduated from West element in 1861 due to Lincoln's desire of lieutenants, forty-five cadets in Ames's type in may possibly and thirty-four in Custer's category in June. The cadets variety from Henry Algernon du Pont, first within the type of might, whose ancestral house is now Winterthur backyard, to Custer, final within the type of June. "Only thirty-four graduated," remarked Custer, "and of those thirty-three graduated above me." West Point's arithmetic professor and librarian Oliver Otis Howard, after whom Howard collage is called, can also be portrayed.
Other well-known names from the category of 1861 are John Pelham, Emory Upton, Thomas L. Rosser, John Herbert Kelly (the youngest basic within the Confederacy whilst appointed), Patrick O'Rorke (head of the category of June), Alonzo Cushing, Peter Hains, Edmund Kirby, John Adair (the merely deserter within the class), and Judson Kilpatrick (great-grandfather of Gloria Vanderbilt). They describe West aspect ahead of the Civil warfare, the struggle years, together with the Vicksburg crusade and the conflict of Gettysburg, the braveness and personality of classmates, and the finishing of the war.
Kirshner additionally highlights postwar lives, together with Custer at Little Bighorn; Custer's insurgent pal Rosser; John Whitney Barlow, who explored Yellowstone; du Pont, senator and writer; Kilpatrick, playwright and diplomat; Orville E. Babcock, Grant's secretary until eventually his indictment within the "Whiskey Ring"; Pierce M. B. younger, a accomplice basic who grew to become a diplomat; Hains, the one member of the category to serve on energetic responsibility in international battle I; and Upton, "the category genius."
The booklet positive aspects eighty-three pictures of all yet one of many graduates and a few of the nongraduates. Kirshner comprises an appendix entitled "Roll Call," which discusses their contributions and lists them in keeping with rank within the class.
George A. Plimpton presents a foreword approximately his great-grandfather, Adelbert Ames-Reconstruction governor of Mississippi and the final surviving Civil warfare general-and President Kennedy.
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Additional resources for The Class of 1861: Custer, Ames, and Their Classmates after West Point
Thirteen In addition to writing in his diary and collecting rocks, Barlow named a mountain after his boss. Mount Sheridan is a ten thousandfoot snowcovered peak. The next day he named Mount Hancock. Leaving Yellowstone on August 28, Barlow was back in Chicago on September 15, 1871, in time to have his office burned in the Chicago Fire. Photographs were destroyed and Barlow's report was delayed, but a summary appeared in the Chicago Journal of January 13, 1872, and it helped promote Yellowstone. At the end of the month, the Senate passed a bill to establish Yellowstone National Park; the legislation passed the House in February and President Grant signed it on March 1, 1872. General Sheridan ordered his chief engineer to join another expedition the next summer, when the Northern Pacific Railroad sent a surveying party down the Yellowstone River. Barlow accompanied the cavalry escort with verbal orders from Sheridan to keep a diary. In 1874, Barlow became superintending engineer for Long Island Sound. He was promoted major of engineers in 1879 and lieutenant colonel in 1884. Two years later, he was in charge on the Tennessee River, opening the Muscle Shoals Canal in 1890. From 1892 to 1896, Barlow commanded the American engineers on the International Boundary Commission, resurveying the Mexican border from El Paso to the Pacific. John Barlow became a colonel in 1895 and rose to general and chief of engineers on May 2, 1901. He retired the next day. Barlow had outlived the woman he married in 1861, Hessie McNaughton Birnie. In 1902, he married Alice Stanton Turner of New London, Connecticut, and they made their home in that navy town. Interservice rivalry did not bother Barlow; some of his best friends were admirals. The Barlows went on a tour of the Holy Land, where John Barlow died in Jerusalem on February 27, 1914. General Barlow's body was sent back to Arlington and the river he had guarded as a young lieutenant in the Army of the Potomac. Page 127 13— Henry Algernon du Pont: Businessman, Senator, Author After the Civil War, Henry Algernon du Pont remained in the artillery and served on a board (with his classmate Emory Upton) to assimilate tactics for artillery, infantry, and cavalry. Du Pont married Mary Pauline Foster in 1874, left the army in 1875, and lived in Europe for a year. He then became head of the sales division of E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. He was president and general manager of the Wilmington & Northern Railroad from 1879 to 1899. In 1889, when his father died, Henry and his brother William had fourfifths of the shares of the Du Pont partnership. But Henry du Pont did not succeed his father as head of the firm because his younger brother would not support him. In 1895, Henry A. du Pont was the largest stockholder in his family's chemical company and a candidate for the United States Senate. After four months and 177 attempts, the Delaware legislature elected him by a onevote margin; but the Senate, after a year, then rejected du Pont's credentials by one vote.