Download E-books The Myth of the Lost Cause: Why the South Fought the Civil War and Why the North Won PDF

The former accomplice states have regularly mythologized the South’s defeat to the North, depicting the Civil battle as pointless, or as a struggle over states’ Constitutional rights, or as a David v. Goliath fight within which the North waged “total battle” over an underdog South. In The delusion of the misplaced Cause, historian Edward Bonekemper deconstructs this multi-faceted delusion, revealing the reality concerning the warfare that just about tore the country aside a hundred and fifty years ago.

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Ninety because the legislature used to be now not in consultation while he arrived within the country, Kentucky local Hale wrote to Kentucky Governor Beriah Magoffin an extended and revealing letter urging secession and paralleling comparable, yet mostly shorter, pleas made via his fellow commissioners. He all started by means of asking “what rights were denied, what wrongs were performed, or threatened to be performed, of which the Southern States or the folk of the Southern States can whinge? ”91 To this question (essentially, why secession? ), Hale had a protracted solution that boiled right down to maintenance of slavery and racial supremacy. He defined that the structure safe African slavery, that the North had deserted it, and that it “has not just develop into one of many mounted household associations of the Southern States, yet types a tremendous component to their political strength, and constitutes the main beneficial species in their estate, worthy . . . no less than $4,000,000,000; forming, actually, the root upon which rests the prosperity and wealth of such a lot of these States. . . . ”92 He complained of the “unrelenting and fanatical battle” opposed to slavery for the past twenty-five years and particularly of the failure to implement rendition of fugitive slaves. He introduced a diatribe opposed to Northern liberty legislation, “Bleeding Kansas,” John Brown’s Raid, William Seward’s “higher legislation” doctrine, U. S. naval vessels patrolling off Africa, defiance of the preferrred Court’s Dred Scott selection, and different anti-slavery activities of the North. ninety three For Hale, although, the “crowning act of insult and outrage” have been the overpowering Northern aid for the election of Abraham Lincoln. He asserted that Lincoln’s election was once “nothing below an open announcement of conflict, for the triumph of this new concept of presidency destroys the valuables of the South, lays waste her fields, and inaugurates the entire horrors of a Santo Domingo servile rebel, consigning her voters to assassinations and her better halves and daughters to toxins and violation to gratify the lust of half-civilized Africans”—especially within the cotton states, the place blacks usually outnumbered whites ten to 1. ninety four The pass judgement on foresaw Southern degradation and damage. He exclaimed, “What Southern guy, be he slave-holder or non-slave-holder, can with no indignation and horror consider the triumph of negro equality, and spot his personal little kids within the now not far away destiny associating with loose negroes upon phrases of political and social equality, and the white guy stripped through the heaven-daring hand of fanaticism of that name to superiority over the black race which God himself has bestowed? ” He acknowledged Southern white males couldn't undergo the “degradation and wreck” that will consequence from “amalgamation or . . . extermination” lower than the Republican software. ninety five Hale endorsed the confident strong of slavery and painted the horrors of any replacement: we will be able to . . . shield an establishment that has performed extra to civilize and Christianize the heathen than all human corporations besides—an establishment alike useful to either races, ameliorating the ethical, actual, and highbrow of the single and giving wealth and happiness to the opposite.

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